Monday, January 28, 2013

Sermon on Philippians 1:18b-26, for Life Sunday, "Living With Dying"

A sermon from Rev. Dr. James I. Lamb, Executive Director of Lutherans For Life

On his death bed, an elderly pastor dictated a letter to his last remaining seminary classmate. He told his wife to write, “I am soon to leave the land of the living and will be with the dying.” But after a pause he said, “No, no! Change that. I am soon to leave the land of the dying and will be with the living.”
As this pastor understood, we all in one sense live with dying. We all live in a dying, sin-broken world and in dying, sin-broken bodies. Sin pays its wages of death. Unless the Lord returns, we will all receive those wages. No matter how robust we might be right now, no matter what advances might be made in medical science, death awaits us all. We all live with dying.
But we live with dying in other ways too. We live with dying if we have an illness that cannot be cured and will eventually take our life. We live with dying when we care for someone with such an illness. We live with dying if we have, or care for someone who has, a severe chronic disease that slowly kills physical or mental abilities. And we all live with dying because we live in a culture that increasingly turns to death as a solution to such problems. We live in a culture that defines the compassionate relief of suffering as eliminating the one suffering rather than the true meaning of compassion, “to suffer with” the one suffering. We live in a culture that turns caring into killing and promotes the message that certain people are “better off dead.”
But this idea of being “better off dead” creeps into our thinking as well. Perhaps you know people or care for folks who are elderly or ill. They may never have said the words, “I’d be better off dead,” but perhaps they expressed concern about being a burden on the family or wondered what possible purpose God has for their lives. Maybe you know someone who has asked, “Why doesn’t God just call me home?” If you know someone who might think like this, or if you have ever had these kinds of thoughts, I’ve got good news for you today! We can honor Christ in both our living and our dying for He enables us both to live and to die in joyful faith. Let’s look at what Paul says about honoring Christ as we live with dying.
Paul lives with dying as he writes the Philippians. Imprisoned in Rome, he faces possible death. But he is ready for death. He wants Christ to be honored in his death. Paul says “to die is gain” and he desires “to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better” (23). Paul honors Christ in this joyful confidence because such confidence comes from Christ. What Christ did in His life, death, and resurrection gives Paul this assurance that things would be better in heaven with Christ.         
As we live with dying, especially as in Paul’s case where death may come soon, it’s okay to join Paul in wanting to be with Christ. It’s okay to want this for an elderly and feeble Christian grandparent or a desperately ill Christian friend. You know it would be better. You know it would be a gain, no more crying or pain or sickness or loneliness. We honor Christ in such thinking because He gives such confidence. He won the victory over death and the grave. He forgives your sins; He makes you worthy of the heavenly mansion He is preparing for you. Because of Christ, death becomes but a narrow gate into life eternal. As we live with dying, we can honor Christ in our death as the One who conquered death and brought life and immortality. He comforts us, calms our fears, and gives us patience as we await His call to join Him in eternity. We can honor Christ in our death for because of Him, “to die is gain.”
But death is not the only possibility for Paul. He may very well live! If so, he knows Christ will be honored in his life. In fact, by the end of our text, Paul knows he will go on living. He is convinced that even though it would be “far better” for him to depart and be with Christ, it is “more necessary” (24) for the Philippians and others that Paul keep living. God has some “fruitful labor” (22) yet to accomplish through Paul. Christ will be honored through Paul as He moves people along in their faith and increases their joy. Paul writes, “so that in me you may have ample cause to glory in Christ Jesus, because of my coming to you again” (26). Christ will be honored as He works in Paul’s life.
Living with dying also means understanding that death is not the only possibility for the elderly or disabled or ill or even the unconscious. Such folks may very well live a number of years. As we said, it is certainly okay to desire to depart and be with Christ for that would be “far better.” But God is in charge of the time of death. As the children’s book says, “God will decide when I should die, and the time will be just right … because God is very wise.” But as long as He gives life, we must believe that in God’s wisdom it is “more necessary” for life to continue. And as long as God gives life, God gives life meaning and purpose. God has some “fruitful labor” left to accomplish just as He did in Paul.
Now you might say, “But Paul was different. He traveled all over the world. He preached, and taught others about Jesus. But what about people not so able, those who cannot get around well or maybe are not even aware of their surroundings? What possible ‘fruitful labor’ could they do?” But remember, it wasn’t Paul. It was Christ in Paul who was accomplishing this fruitful labor. Christ was honored in Paul’s life because Christ was the one at work in Paul’s life. We limit the power of God if we say He can work and accomplish things only in people who are young and healthy and up and around. He’s God! He can work in your life as well as in the life of Paul. He can work in the life of the chronically ill or the terminally ill or the bed-ridden grandma unaware of her surroundings. Christ isn’t exalted because of what we do. He is exalted because of what He does in us! In fact, you could say that the less we are able to do, the more Christ is exalted as He works through us!
Remember the man born blind? What a tragic thing this must have appeared to be to friends and family. But this man was born blind that the works of God might be displayed in him. He was born blind that Christ might be exalted in him. He wasn’t aware of it. Friends and family were not aware of it, but this man’s life had purpose and meaning. You may not be aware of how God is at work in your life, or in the life of the severely ill or disabled. But through faith in His abiding presence, you can be assured He is.
Have you ever thought that maybe grandma is in that nursing home bed so others can care for her? Scripture tells us that when we serve those in need, we are serving Christ Himself. Think of it, grandma may very well be Christ to many, many people as they serve her. What a great honor! The same could be said about a whole host of people that our culture thinks would be “better off dead.” Christ may not be done honoring Himself through them yet. What an insult to Jesus to want to kill those through whom He is still at work. 
Now certainly we can and should allow the dying to die. When a person’s body starts to give up and shut down, we can discontinue treatment that no longer enhances life but merely prolongs the dying process. We must guard against any action, however, that would cause someone to die.
As an example, I’m sure most of us remember the Terri Schiavo case in Florida several years ago. Terri had a severe brain injury that left her in a minimally conscious state. But all of her bodily functions worked. She was not dying. Because she could not swallow food, a feeding tube was inserted to give her nutrition and hydration. Her husband wanted to remove the feeding tube, but her parents tried to stop this action. That’s what caused the big court case that went all the way to the U. S. Congress. But eventually the feeding tube was removed and Teri died thirteen days later. So did removing her feeding tube allow Teri to die or did it cause her to die? The autopsy report was very clear. The cause of death was not “brain injury” but rather “severe dehydration.” Removing her feeding tube caused Terri Schiavo to die.
We can never be sure how Christ might be at work in someone’s life like Terri’s. What we can be sure of is that Christ is at work! And I repeat, as long as God gives life, then God is at work giving life meaning and purpose. As long as God gives life, life has value and it is “more necessary” to keep on living.
Now, we need to add something very important here. Most of the time it is very easy to decide whether a certain action will allow someone to die or cause them to die. But sometimes it is not so easy and decisions become very difficult and emotionally draining and can even cause conflict within families. In such times of uncertainty, the Christian finds strength and comfort in the certainty of Christ’s presence. We prayerfully make our decision and commend it and our loved one to Jesus trusting that He will work through it. And if at some point in time we look back at a decision made and we now realize that it may have been a wrong decision, our strength and comfort come from the certainty of Christ’s presence and the grace in which we live. We can bring any guilt or uncertainty to Him, lay it at the foot of His cross, and receive His peace. We can hear Him say, “Let not your hearts be troubled” (John 14:1a).
Yes, we all live with dying in one sense or another. We also live in a culture that does not know how to live with dying and turns to death as a solution to the problems of life. Increasingly, people say that certain others would be “better off dead.” Paul reminded us today that as we live with dying, Christ comforts us with the certainty that it would be “far better” to depart and be with Him. But he also reminded us that as we live with dying the timing belongs to God. If He gives us continued life, then in His plan, it is “more necessary” that we go on living. But you see, whether we live or die we know that Christ is at work and that He will be honored. And so we pray with the hymn writer, “Hold thou thy cross before my closing eyes. Shine through the gloom and point me to the skies. In life, in death, O Lord, Abide with me.” In life, in death, O Lord, may You be honored. Amen. 

Monday, January 21, 2013

Sermon on John 2:1-11, for the 2nd Sunday after Epiphany, "Cana's Wedding Guest"

Sermon Outline:
·         Season of Epiphany: season of light, from the illumination of the place of the Christ child’s birth to His blinding transfiguration on the mountaintop. Epiphanios—shining out, manifest, revealed. All point to Jesus as the Son of God in human flesh, God in man made manifest. Today’s Gospel serves the same purpose—dramatically manifest or shine out Jesus’ glory.
·         Tomorrow: president “inaugurated”—oaths and new term of office. Jesus had an “inauguration” of a very different sort: baptism—the Father announced: “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased”; public ministry began. Likewise, wedding at Cana is the “inaugural miracle”. Fitting that it was also at the inauguration of a new marriage, as Jesus would frequently use marriage, and particularly the wedding banquet as a picture of the heavenly banquet of believers united to Him by faith. Jesus had now “come of age”—embarking on His public ministry; first sign to show His glory as the promised Savior and Son of God. Leaving behind His life as a young adult, about which we know very little, except that He seems to have followed in Joseph’s footsteps as a carpenter.
·         But from now on, His life and ministry would be solely dedicated to and directed by the Father’s will. Not bound by family favors or human expectations, as Mary awkwardly learned. Earthly ties did not steer His course. Yet, though Jesus was fully committed to His Father’s will and purposes, He is still profoundly open to our human needs and requests, even here, where it doesn’t seem so at first.
·         Wrestling in prayer—is my request important to God? Is it only a “spiritual request” that He will answer? Or physical needs (mine or others) too? Health, financial, work, relationships and struggles. Concerns press on us when we don’t see a way out. Find ourselves pleading like Mary, pressed by the urgency of our situation, convinced that now is the time God must act to help or save, and this is the way we want it done! Perhaps hardest to realize is that whatever our request; however God answers, that we believe that it is better for God’s will to be done, than our own. That we turn it over to God’s control, and leave the result up to Him.
·         Running out of wine—social embarrassment, groom’s responsibility; Mary hopes to spare the new couple this shame. Very earthly crisis/request. Jesus’ response isn’t rude, but not warm either. It’s not a ‘no’, but neither is it a promise to do something. Mary doesn’t lose hope, become discouraged, get angry or give up, but responds with great faith—uncertain of the outcome but content to leave it in Jesus’ hands. She tells the servants “Do whatever He tells you to do.” She accepted the fact, as one writer put it, that she now would have to relate to Jesus as disciple to Lord, rather than as mother to son. There was no “inside-track” to approach Jesus, but all—even His own mother, must approach Him by faith. And whether a Gentile centurion, a Canaanite woman, an outcast leper, the friends of a crippled man, or Jesus’ own mother, or you and I—all have the same access to Jesus by faith, and to God through no one else but Him.
·         Delayed response drew out faith. Often did this, then praised the faith shown. His miracle showed even this request that to us might seem trivial—supplying more wine so that the joy of the wedding celebration would not be spoiled—was not unimportant to Him. Jesus was open to and willing to answer this request, and bless a very earthly need. The great abundance of wine (est. 120-180 gallons [for a 7-day party]) was certainly well beyond what Mary could have imagined, and the superb quality brought unexpected praise upon the groom. Likewise we learn to have a persistent faith—and to see that such faith is well-placed in Jesus who truly is able to help. And to turn our request over to God’s control and leave the result to Him. And not to forget, that whether we see or don’t see His help for our earthly need come about in the time we expect it, that by faith we are never denied His greater help of life and salvation. No difficulty for Him to turn water into wine with His powerful and creative word. Miracles granted both earthly help, but more importantly, were aimed at creating faith—the disciples had “an epiphany” as Jesus’ power displayed who He was, as God’s Son—as His glory shone out and revealed a glimpse of who He was.
·         But more was going on here than even the small circle of those who saw the miracle realized. Jesus hinted at it in His response to Mary: “My hour has not yet come.” On one level, it may have simply sounded like: “I’m not ready to get involved yet”, upon a deeper look, Jesus is using a phrase that becomes common through the Gospel of John. “My hour has not yet come” doesn’t refer to some unknown 60 minutes in the future, but a specific time of great significance, still to come, set by the Father’s own will. This would be the time or “hour” when Jesus was glorified, so the Father would be glorified. This first sign or miracle of Jesus was a little glorification, and it produced faith in His disciples, but it was going to be surpassed by the greatest glorification in His hour of death and resurrection.
·         When Jesus’ suffering and death on the cross approached, He began to say, “The hour has come.” Everything had been building to this moment and time. All the miracles that had gone before had helped people, they had created faith in Jesus as the One who could help, and they had shown Jesus’ compassion and concern for the whole range of sufferings and difficulties of the human situation. But they still were just secondary. The primary goal and purpose of Jesus’ life was that hour of help and rescue where Jesus hung on a cross, dying for our sins. The rescue where the Rescuer seemed hopelessly helpless. Where the silent pleas of Mary and the hopes of His disciples that their Lord might somehow be spared, seemed to die together with Jesus’ last pained breath. And then, when all hope seemed to have declined to a dead end, there, in Jesus’ hour, divine help came to the rescue.
·         In three days, the dead Jesus was raised to life! When everything had gone beyond all human hope, Jesus, the Rescuer, the Savior, came into His full glory, glorifying the Father in His death and resurrection. Rising to life, rising in power, showing that not even death—not His, not ours—is an obstacle to God’s final deliverance for us. And His rescue is greater than sparing us social shame—as at the wedding—it’s sparing us the shame of our sins before God. Greater than giving us the unexpected esteem of friends and guests—He gives us the priceless and unexpected esteem of our heavenly Father—as through Jesus’ forgiveness we can stand pure and innocent before Him. Like a bride on her wedding day. Perhaps this is why it was so fitting that Jesus’ first miracle took place at a wedding—because St. Paul tells us that  marriage is a picture of Jesus’ great love for us. Hear those words from Ephesians chapter 5:
            25 Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, 26 that he might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, 27 so that he might present the church to himself in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish. 28 In the same way husbands should love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29 For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, just as Christ does the church, 30 because we are members of his body. 31 “Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.” 32 This mystery is profound, and I am saying that it refers to Christ and the church. 33 However, let each one of you love his wife as himself, and let the wife see that she respects her husband. (5:25-33)
·         Our greatest hope and our greatest help lies in Jesus’ sacrificial love and forgiveness for us—a committed love that will endure beyond all our earthly troubles, and beyond even the grave. His committed love from which not even death can part us, and that we’ll celebrate together when we arrive with Him at that heavenly wedding banquet where the wine never runs out, and the best is always saved for last! Even now we come to a foretaste of that feast to come. In Jesus’ name, Amen.

Sermon Talking Points
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1.      Wedding feasts usually lasted for 7 days in ancient Israel (Judges 14:12) and the groom’s family were financially responsible . Apparently the greatest crisis involved in this miracle was the social embarrassment and shame that would be caused to the new couple. How did Jesus bless and honor the estate of marriage with His presence and this first miracle?

2.      While Jesus’ response to His mother was not rude, neither was it particularly warm. Compare to Jesus’ response about family in Matthew 12:46-50 & Luke 11:27-28. How do these passages together show the priority that Jesus placed on faith, even over family ties? To whom was His mission on earth solely responsible? Why would it have been particularly hard for Mary to accept the necessary change of relating to Jesus primarily as between disciple and Lord?

3.      What did Jesus mean by “my hour has not yet come?” Track this major theme through John’s gospel in John 7:30; 8:20; 12:23, 27; 13:1; 16:25, 32; 17:1. Cf. 4:21-23 & 5:24-29. What was Jesus’ “hour”, and when did it come?

4.      What were the physical and spiritual outcomes of Jesus’ consenting to Mary’s request? John 2:10-11. What was the ultimate goal of Jesus’ miracles? What was the penultimate (secondary goal) of many of them?

5.      How does this miracle encourage us to look to the One who is able to help us in all circumstances, to look to the hour of His help and divine rescue, and to be persistent in our prayers and petitions? Cf. Luke 18:1-8